Comprehensive Protection and Solutions Strategy: Resettlement and Complementary Pathways in the Syria Crisis

Publication language
Date published
01 Apr 2018
Plans, policy and strategy
Conflict, violence & peace, Forced displacement and migration, Host Communities
Syria, Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Turkey, Jordan

The conflict in the Syrian Arab Republic has resulted in one of the worst humanitarian and displacement crises in decades and the largest refugee crisis in modern times. With fighting and mass displacement continuing in many parts of Syria, there are over 5.6 million Syrian refugees across the region and some 6.6 million Syrians internally displaced. Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey have shouldered the largest burden in hosting Syrian refugees. While showing astounding generosity, the sheer size of the Syrian refugee population has placed immense strain on these countries’ national systems, putting at risk development gains for their own citizens. The international community’s response has also been significant: $13b has been channeled through the UN-led inter-agency appeals for the regional refugee response since 2012, and more has been provided in bilateral aid and other funding modalities to host countries.

UNHCR’s support to Syrian refugees is anchored in a comprehensive protection and solutions strategy that seeks to:

  1. support host country resilience;
  2. ensure refugee protection, well-being and enable their self-reliance;
  3. expand access to resettlement and other safe pathways (complementary pathways) to a third country; and
  4. plan for voluntary repatriation of refugees to Syria when conducive conditions are in place.

This paper focuses on the third strand of this comprehensive strategy: to expand access to resettlement and other complementary pathways.