"On this journey, no one cares if you live or die" - Abuse, Protection, and Justice Along Routes Between East and West Africa and the Mediterranean Coast

Breen, D.
Publication language
Date published
12 Sep 2020
United Nations High Commissioner For Refugees (UNHCR)
Research, reports and studies
Children & youth, Conflict, violence & peace, Data, Forced displacement and migration, Refugee Camps, Gender, Protection, human rights & security, Protection

At the end of May, 30 people were murdered in the town of Mizdah, south of Tripoli, allegedly by traffickers. These were among the latest in a long series of deaths along the route from West Africa or the East and Horn of Africa to Libya. At least 68 refugees or migrants are known to have died along the route this year alone. As refugees and migrants travel along the Central Mediterranean route to Libya, many continue to be subjected to horrific violence at multiple points along the way, as the testimonies in this report show, even before any attempt to cross the sea to Europe. It remains one of the deadliest land crossings in the world.

This report draws on data collected by the Mixed Migration Centre’s 4Mi monitors along the route to map the places where refugees interviewed in 2018 and 2019 most frequently reported deaths, sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV), physical violence, and kidnappings occurred. It illustrates how refugees and migrants using the route face a series of risks including as they cross into eastern Sudan, and when crossing the Sahara Desert, and then again in multiple places in Libya.

Breen, D.